It's no wonder why sugar beets are called that way. The colossal sugar content makes it extremely sweet! Beets have white pointed roots, ripening in 90 days.
The father of sugar beets, the German chemist Andreas Margraff, discovered in the mid-18th century that beets contain sucrose, similar to that of sugar cane. The expensive and only source of sugar was imported from abroad, so the production of sugar from beets was a real solution to the problem. By order of Napoleon, sugar beet seeds began to be grown in large quantities. This ensured the commercial use of sugar beets, and over time they started to grow in almost all countries.
How to grow Sugar Beet from seeds:Sowing: Sow Sugar beet seeds directly 4 weeks before the last expected frost in the sun and well-drained soil. To do this, pre-soak them in water for 2 hours. Then, planting depth 1" deep and 1" apart in rows 1 to 2' apart. Fertilize with compost or organic fertilizer and expect the first shoots to germinate in 5-15 days. Companion plants are beans, onions, or cabbage; avoid planting them near pole beans.
Growing of Sugar Beet: Each beet seed contains up to 8 natural seeds. Therefore, it is recommended to thin out the seedlings 3 inches apart. Weed carefully to avoid damaging the seedlings. Beets love cool weather, and temperatures up to 25F are tolerable for them. You should uproot root if you want to plant the beet next year.
How and When to Harvest Sugar Beet: Sugar beets are used to make sugar and are simply eaten along with green tops. To remove excess hardness, it is best to grate or cook them. This beet is very sweet!
Sugar Beet's Seed Saving: Beets are pollinated by the wind, which must be considered when planting plants. Separate it from other chard and beet varieties by at least two miles for genetic purity. Beets must overwinter for seeds to appear. A layer of mulch is enough for wintering, and in cold regions, you need to dig out the roots. Store the dug roots in a cool place in the pitch. In early spring, transplant them into the soil and wait for the seeds to appear. Let them dry on the plant and come off. Store beet seeds in a cool, dry place for five years.
FAST FACTS:Latin Name: Beta vulgaris
Type: Open Pollinated, Heirloom, Cool Season
USDА Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Seeds per Ounce: 3,000
Planting Method: Direct Sow
Sunlight: Full Sun
Height: 14 Inches