Jalapeno pepper is very popular in Mexican and American cuisine. Plants grow up to 30 inches tall and bear fruit over a long period of time, making them an excellent choice for a home garden! They mature in 75 days, with an average pepper size of 3.5 x 1.5″. The pepper was named after its native Mexican city of Jalapa, Veracruz. Since the time of the Aztecs, the practice of smoking and drying jalapenos has been preserved, turning it into a chipotle.
How to grow Jalapeno Pepper from seeds:
- Sowing: Plant hot jalapeno seeds indoors in peat pots about 8 weeks before the last expected spring frost. Sow them 1/4 inch deep and in a soil temperature of 80-85 degrees F until germination. Be sure to give the plant 12-16 hours of sunlight a day. When the outside temperature reaches 60-65 degrees F during the day and at least 50 degrees F at night, transplant the seedlings 12-16 inches apart. You can avoid shock by exposing plants to outdoor temperatures for several hours a day before replanting. Pepper also grows well in containers or raised beds.
- Plant Spacing: 12-16″.
- Growing of Jalapeno Hot Pepper: Sow seeds in 20-row or shallow flats, 4 seeds per inch, 1/4″ deep, in late March or eight weeks before transplanting. Maintain soil temperature at 80-90 ° F (27-32 ° C). In cooler soil, seeds will slow down their growth. When the first leaves appear, transplant the seedlings into 2 "cage containers or 4" pots. Grow plants for approx. 70 ° F (21 ° C) during thе day and 60 ° F (16 ° C) at night.
- Jalapeno Hot Pepper Soil Requirements for: Keep the soil evenly moist, maintain soil temperatures at 80-90°F (27-32°C)
- Jalapeno Hot Pepper Seeds Days to Germination: 21 days.
- Light Preference of Jalapeno Hot Pepper: Full Sun.
- Life Cycle of Jalapeno Hot Pepper: Annual.
- How and When to Harvest Jalapeno Hot Pepper: As you know, the longer the pepper ripens on the vine, the sharper it is. Harvesting is becoming a personal preference. The plant continues to bear fruit if the pepper is harvested in the green stage, and the mature pepper signals the plant to stop production. Always use a knife or scissors to cut the crop to avoid damaging the fragile stems. Jalapeno Hot peppers are known for their versatility and can be eaten fresh, canned, or dried.
- Jalapeno Hot Pepper Days to Maturity: 80 days to Green; 95 days to Red.
- Jalapeno Hot Pepper's Seed Saving: Isolation or cage may be required to maintain genetic purity as peppers will be cross-pollinated with other peppers. The pepper must be fully ripe for harvesting the seeds. Remove the seeds from it, spread them out to dry for about two weeks. Store seeds in a cool, dry place for up to two years.
- Common Names: Jalapeno
- Latin Name: Capsicum annuum' Jalapeño'
- Species Origin: Central America and Mexico
- Type: Open Pollinated, Heirloom, Warm Season
- Life Cycle: Annual
- USDA Zonеs: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
- Seeds per Ounce: 4,000
- Sunlight: Full Sun
- Height: 20 Inches
- Color: Green
- Bloom Season: Blooms Early Summer, Blooms Late Summer
- Uses: Culinary