Serrano PepperSerrano is a hot pepper, without which one cannot imagine spicy salsa, sauces, and Mexican dishes. It resembles a jalapeno in shape but is only 1.5″ long, reaching maturity in 80 days. The peppers are glossy, medium-thin-walled, and turn orange-red when ripe.
The green Serrano pepper, native to the mountains of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo, gets its nаme from the Spanish word for "from the mountains." Known and loved for its unusual blend of intense warmth and flavor, Serrano chili is a cultural tradition in Mexico and has become increasingly popular in the United States.
How to grow Serrano Pepper from seeds:
- Sowing: Plant Serrano Pepper seeds indoors in peat pots about 8 weeks before the last expected spring frost. Sow them 1/4 inch deep and in a soil temperature of 80-85 degrees F until germination. Be sure to give the plant 12-16 hours of sunlight a day. When the outside temperature reaches 60-65 degrees F during the day and at least 50 degrees F at night, transplant the seedlings 12-16 inches apart. You can avoid shock by exposing plants to outdoor temperatures for several hours a day before replanting. Pepper also grows well in containers or raised beds.
- Plant Spacing: 12-16″.
- Growing of Serrano Hot Pepper: Sow seeds in 20-row or shallow flats, 4 seeds per inch, 1/4″ deep, in late March or eight weeks before transplanting. Maintain soil temperature at 80-90 ° F (27-32 ° C). In cooler soil, seeds will slow down their growth. When the first leaves appear, transplant the seedlings into 2 "cage containers or 4" pots. Grow plants for approx. 70 ° F (21 ° C) during thе day and 60 ° F (16 ° C) at night.
- Serrano Hot Pepper Soil Requirements for: Keep the soil evenly moist, maintain soil temperatures at 80-90°F (27-32°C)
- Serrano Hot Pepper Seeds Days to Germination: 21 days.
- Light Preference of Serrano Hot Pepper: Full Sun.
- Life Cycle of Serrano Hot Pepper: Annual.
- How and When to Harvest Serrano Hot Pepper: As you know, the longer the pepper ripens on the vine, the sharper it is. Harvesting is becoming a personal preference. The plant continues to bear fruit if the pepper is harvested in the green stage, and the mature pepper signals the plant to stop production. Always use a knife or scissors to cut the crop to avoid damaging the fragile stems. Serrano Hot Peppers are known for their versatility and can be eaten fresh, canned, or dried.
- Serrano Hot Pepper Days to Maturity: 65 days to Green; 85 days to Red.
- Serrano Hot Pepper's Seed Saving: Isolation or cage may be required to maintain genetic purity as peppers will be cross-pollinated with other peppers. The pepper must be fully ripe for harvesting the seeds. Remove the seeds from it, spread them out to dry for about two weeks. Store seeds in a cool, dry place for up to two years.