Cayenne Pepper

Very sharp, thin-walled, curled, pointed fruit, 6 inches long. Young, dark green peppers turn bright red after about 70 days when they reach maturity. Even at 1 inch in length, these peppers have a pungent taste.
Cayenne pepper was found growing on a bush near the city of Cayenne in French Guiana, South America. Records show that this pepper was discovered by Christopher Columbus during his travels and brought back to Europe, where it immediately established itself in European cuisine.

 

How to grow Cayenne Hot Pepper from seeds:

  • Sowing: Grow Cayenne Hot Pepper seeds first indoors in peat pots about eight weeks before the last expected spring frost. Sow them 1/4″ deep and in a soil temperature of 80-85 degrees F until germination. Sunlight should be on for 12-16 hours a day. Transplant the seedlings 12-16 inches apart at an outdoor temperature of 60-65 degrees F during the day and at least 50 degrees F at night. To prevent shock, you can expose the plants to the weather for several hours a day before replanting. Pepper also grows well in containers or raised beds.
  • Plant Spacing: 12-16″.
  • How and When to Harvest Cayenne Hot Pepper: As you know, the longer the pepper ripens on the vine, the sharper it is. Harvesting is becoming a personal preference. The plant continues to bear fruit if the pepper is harvested in the green stage, and the mature pepper signals the plant to stop production. Always use a knife or scissors to cut the crop to avoid damaging the fragile stems. Cayenne peppers are known for their versatility and can be eaten fresh, canned, or dried. 
  • Cayenne Hot Pepper Soil Requirements for: Keep the soil evenly moist, maintain soil temperatures at 80-90°F (27-32°C)
  • Cayenne Hot Pepper Seeds Days to Germination: 21 days.
  • Light Preference of Cayenne Hot Pepper: Full Sun.
  • Life Cycle of Cayenne Hot Pepper: Annual.
  • How and When to Harvest Cayenne Hot Pepper: As you know, the longer the pepper ripens on the vine, the sharper it is. Harvesting is becoming a personal preference. The plant continues to bear fruit if the pepper is harvested in the green stage, and the mature pepper signals the plant to stop production. Always use a knife or scissors to cut the crop to avoid damaging the fragile stems. Cayenne peppers are known for their versatility and can be eaten fresh, canned, or dried. 
  •  Cayenne Hot Pepper Days to Maturity: 65 days to Green; 85 days to red.
  •  Cayenne Hot Pepper's Seed Saving: Isolation or cage may be required to maintain genetic purity as peppers will be cross-pollinated with other peppers. The pepper must be fully ripe for harvesting the seeds. Remove the seeds from it, spread them out to dry for about two weeks. Store seeds in a cool, dry place for up to two years.

FAST FACTS:

  • Common Names: Habanero
  • Latin Name: Capsicum annuum
  • Species Origin: Central America
  • Type: Open Pollinated, Heirloom, Hot Pepper, Warm Season
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • USDA Zonеs:  3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
  • Seeds per Ounce: 4,000
  • Sunlight: Full Sun
  • Height:36 Inches
  • Color: Green, Red
  • Bloom Season: Blooms Early Summer, Blooms Late Summer
  • Uses: Culinary

 

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